Uses of farm animals: Animals kept for agricultural purposes are called farm animals. This includes domesticated animals like cows and chickens, as well as captive-bred wild creatures like mink and fish. The phrase is sometimes used only to refer to animals raised for human consumption, while other times it is only used to refer to farmed ruminants like cattle, sheep, and goats. Animal husbandry is done for a variety of reasons.
The majority of them are bred to be slaughtered. The majority of protein in the diet comes from cattle, pigs and chickens, while animals with magnificent fur are killed for their skins. Some farm animals, on the other hand, are more useful and profitable while alive. Horses, mules, and burros are examples of animals that provide something of value to people, such as milk, eggs, wool, or honey, or are bred for their abilities.
Whatever the cause, raising farm animals is a huge business. Animal husbandry, or the breeding, care, and slaughter of livestock, is a part of contemporary agriculture and has been practiced in many civilizations since mankind’s transition from the hunter-gatherer lifestyle to the ‘Agriculture. Husbandry practices have changed significantly over time and between civilizations.
In many areas, it continues to play an important economic and cultural role. Traditional breeding has mostly been supplanted by intensive breeding. Intensive animal husbandry increases the yield of a variety of commercial products, but also has a significant negative impact on animal welfare, the environment and public health. The objective of this article is to explore how farm animals are used and their importance.
Recommended: The World’s Most Dangerous Dog Breeds
Types of breeding
a. Intensive livestock : Intensive farming (or cattle raising) occurs when animals are housed in conditions that provide them with the proper temperature, feed, and health care they need to produce healthier, faster animals. The selection of breeds for different types of production is done in this approach. It requires both capital and labor.
b. Farming on a semi-intensive scale: Animals are housed and fed on a semi-intensive basis, but they are allowed to graze or move around the farm for food in a fenced area within the farm area.
vs. Large-scale breeding: Extensive ranching refers to the practice of grazing animals over large areas of land, such as grasslands, pastures, or mountains, in order to take advantage of available natural resources. This is normally done with animals suited to the type of terrain in which they will be working. The ecology is preserved by this mechanism.
See also: The most intrepid animals in the world
D. Nomadic breeding: Nomadic herding is defined as the grazing of animals such as cattle over a large area of land to provide them with natural food. Animals are transported to different lands to devour various foods and resources in this system. Nomadic or semi-nomadic herding is the term for this type of animal production. It is common for people who live in desert places where cultivation is difficult, such as various African and Asian nations.
e. Transhumant Animal Breeding: Depending on the season of the year, transhumant herding consists of moving animals to places of food crops. Due to livestock manure, this farming approach is particularly beneficial as it promotes soil fertility. The animals eat a variety of grasses and vegetables and help disperse seeds, among other things. The transhumant ranch is only in its infancy. However, it continues to be practiced in several parts of Africa.
F. Organic animal production: Organic farming is a farming strategy that aims to provide the highest quality food while avoiding the use of synthetic chemicals like pesticides and chemical fertilizers. In addition, animals need a lot of space and should eat natural food.
Recommended: Country with the best education system in the world
Uses and Importance of Farm Animals
a. Clothes: Agriculture provides clothing through the production of wool, mohair and cashmere. Wool markets in the United States have been in gradual decline for several years due to the introduction of synthetic fibers, despite the fact that there is still an economic market for the product.
The value of leather used in shoes, belts, gloves and clothing ranges from 5% to 10% of the market value of cattle.
b. Food: Some animals assist us in acquiring food. Cows, buffaloes and goats provide milk to humans. Milk is a complete nutrient necessary for growth and good health. Many milk products are available, such as ghee, butter, cheese, curd, candy, etc. Some people eat the meat of specific animals.
Meat from goats, sheep, pigs, fish, deer and other animals is eaten. Some birds, such as chickens and ducks, have their meat eaten. Eggs are laid by hens, ducks and other birds. The egg is a good source of protein and is considered a healthy food.
See also: Problems in agriculture in Nigeria
vs. Soil fertility: Farm animals also contribute to “go green.” Sixty-four percent of the landmass of the United States is used for animal production: 36% for pasture and 28% for hay and other forage and grain crops.
Farm animals help maintain soil and soil fertility in areas where these livestock feeds are grown. The use of livestock dung in these regions replenishes soil nutrients used by plants for growth. Organic agriculture is growing rapidly in the United States, and animal husbandry helps conserve our natural resources.
Recommended: Why are lions called the king of the jungle? Answered
D. By-products: Any product made by animals that is not meat is called a by-product. These articles make a substantial contribution to the American way of life. Organs, fat, bones and various glands are just some of the by-products.
Candy, house insulation, gum, sandpaper, wallpaper, ice cream, fertilizer, canned meats, buttons, perfumes, glue, camera film, lanolin, gummies, marshmallows, dice, piano keys , toothbrushes, cosmetics, carpet padding, waxes, soap, lubricants, printing inks, candles, and furniture padding materials are just a few examples of products made from by-products.
Other animals eat by-products. Insulin, cortisone, adrenaline, thrombin, rennet, heparin and corticotropin are just some of the drugs that use by-products. Livestock not only contribute to drug development, but also serve as a model for scientists studying human and animal health.
e. Transport: Some animals are used to move people or goods from one place to another. Animals like oxen, camels, donkeys, elephants, horses and others come under this category. Ox carts are pulled by oxen.
Camels pull camel carts, which are used for transporting and transporting goods in the deserts. Horses and elephants are also used as means of transport. Pigeons and hawks were once used to carry mail from place to place. Oxen are very beneficial in agriculture. They are used for crop threshing and plowing areas.
See also: How to become a successful entrepreneur
F. Power source: The traditional use of animals as a source of energy has faded. Scientists have found that methane gas, which is created from feces, can be used as an energy source following an ongoing study into more efficient ways to generate energy. Biogas plants have been established at several large feedlots in the United States.
As an energy source, these power plants use methane gas. The droppings of about 40 cows could provide enough energy for electricity, cooking and heating on a typical American farm. The average cost of food supplied to supermarkets is mainly determined by the cost of electricity. Given recent increases in energy costs and supermarket price hikes, this trend seems entirely achievable.
g. Recreation: Another benefit of using livestock is recreational opportunities. In the United States, there are approximately 6.9 million horses and their owners spend $8.5 billion on feed and equipment each year.
This not only adds to their economic value, but also highlights the value of horses as a recreational activity. Horse racing attracts larger crowds each year than major or minor league baseball games or auto races. Horses aren’t the only animals used for entertainment. If you’ve ever been to a county or state fair, you’ve probably seen people enjoying the cattle show.
Recommended: Differences Between Commercial Farming and Subsistence Farming
The primary goal of maintaining our farmed populations is to provide a nutritious and attractive food source for humans. Only about 11% of the world’s geographic area is suitable for the production of food that can be consumed directly by humans. About 75% of the energy intake of ruminants and 30% of the energy intake of non-ruminants come from waste materials that cannot be directly ingested by humans. With global food production already unable to provide balanced nutrition for the world’s population, it is essential that we continue to use animals.
Edeh Samuel Chukwuemeka ChMC, is a law student and certified mediator/conciliator in Nigeria. He is also a developer with knowledge in HTML, CSS, JS, PHP and React Native. Samuel is determined to change the legal profession by creating web and mobile applications that will make legal research much easier.